The largest R&D institute in Romania in terms of assets and personnel, the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) represents nearly 10% of the national scientific output. Based in Magurele-Ilfov, on the outskirts of the capital city of Bucharest, the institution started out back in 1949 as the Institute of Physics of the Romanian Academy, becoming in 1956 the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA) and in 1977 the Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering.

The institute addresses a comprehensive – though appropriately selective – spectrum of research and development activities in fundamental and applied Nuclear Physics and in related areas including Astrophysics, Particle Physics, Atomic Physics, Life and Environmental Physics, Theoretical Physics, Nuclear Techniques, and Advanced Communication Systems. Featuring a variety of nationwide facilities, including a Tandem Van de Graff accelerator, a Cyclotron, a Multipurpose Irradiation Facility Center and a Radioactive Waste Processing Plant, the institute is an important part of the Romanian research infrastructure. IFIN-HH comprises 12 departments

ELI-NP represents the Romanian research pillar of the pan-European ELI infrastructure, part of the ESFRI Roadmap and based on two main research facilities: a laser system comprising two 10PW beams, and a gamma beam system that will produce highly collimated, high-intensity gamma radiation with tunable energy up to 20MeV. Due to the unique combination of these exceptional devices, ELI-NP has the potential to occupy for many years to come the forefront of science worldwide. This project is expected to be completed and start operations in 2018, under an “open access” scheme.